History of Ancient India: Questions 1

Sr. No. Questions Answers
1. Indus Valley Civilization prospered on the bank of river Indus
2. The main sites of India that have been discovered in the excavation of Indus Valley Civilization are: • Manda on the Beas River near Jammu
• Alamgirpur on the Hindon River, near Delhi
• Kalibangan in Rajasthan
• Coastal city of Lothal in western India (Gujarat state)
• Banwali in Haryana and
• Ropar in Punjab.
3. The major cities associated with Indus Valley Civilization are: Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Lothal.
4. The main two features of Indus Valley Civilizations were: Town Planning, streets and Drainage systems
5. The main sources of livelihood for the people of Indus Valley Civilization were Agriculture and Trade
6. In India entry of Aryans is marked as ______ period Vedic
7. Aryans were originally inhabitants of Central Asiaaround the Caspian Sea
8. What are Vedas? The most sacred books of Aryans
9. What are the four Vedas? Rig Veda, Sam Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda
10. What are the Upanishads? They are ancient Indian philosophical texts and are early source of Hindu religion. These are dialogues between teachers and pupils, or discussions amongst sages at king’s courts, or in the jungle.
11. What does “Sutras” mean in Ancient Sanskrit Literature? The Sutras are short aphorisms, compiled to serve as aids to memorize teacher’s explanations. Each of the Veda has a Sutra literature of its own.
12. What were the two prime religions that came into existence after the Vedic period? Jainism and Buddhism
13. Buddha was the son of king Shuddhodhana
14. Siddhartha was born in ______ BC 567
15. Where was Siddharth born? at Lumbini inKapilavastu (present day Nepal).
16. While in search of truth Buddha attained enlightenment under a Pipal tree at Bodh Gaya
17. Buddha delivered his first sermons at Sarnath in U.P.
18. Buddha died at Kushinagar in U.P.
19. The main Buddhist teaching is known as: eight–fold path
20. Mahavira was born at Kundagrama in Bihar
21. Vardhamana Mahavira died at Pavapuri (present day Bihar)
22. Tri-ratna, the major teachings concept of Jainism was based on (a) Right knowledge(b) Right faith and(c) Right conduct
23. In 684 B.C. The foundation of Haryanka Dynasty was laid by Bimbisara and Ajata Shatru
24. Shishunaga Dynasty, a major dynasties of Magadha Empire was founded by Shishunag in ______ B.C. 413
25. Nanda Dynasty was founded in ______ BC by ______. 382, Mahapadma Nanda
26. Battle of Hydaspes was fought between ______ and ______ in ______ BC Alexander, Porus, 326
27. Who was the founder of Maurya Empire? Chandragupta Maurya
28. Which book was written by Kautilya who happened to be in the court of Chandragupta Maurya? Arthashastra
29. Who had written the book titled ‘INDICA’ during the rule of Chandragupta Maurya? Megasthenese, the Greek ambassador
30. Kalinga War was fought in 261 BC
31. The last rules of Mauryan dynasty was Brihadratha Maurya

Kalinga War was fought in the year

261 BC
33. The Kalinga War was a fought between Ashoka, the Mauryan Emperor and the state of Kalinga
34. The most influenced king of Kushan Empire was Kanishka
35. Which emperor of Kushan empire introduced the FIRST gold coins of India? Vima Kadaphises
36. In 78 AD the Saka Era was started by which ruler of Kushan Empire Kanishka
37. The capital of Kanishka, king of Kushan Empire was Pursushpura, now in Peshwar
38. What were the major two contribution of King Kanishka 4th Buddhist council in Kashmir, development of Gandhar and Mathura art forms
39. Who was the founder of Gupta Empire in India? Chandragupta I
40. Which ruler of Gupta Empire is also known as “Napoleon of India” Samudra Gupta
41. Chandragupta II of Gupta Empire was also known as Vikramaditya
42. Which Chinese Pilgrim came to the court of Chandragupta II Fa-hien
43. Aryabhatta and Kalidas were in the court of which Gupta Emperor? Chandragupta II
44. Nalanda University, in present day of Bihar was constructed by which Gupta Emperor? Kumaragupta I
45. What was the capital of Harshvardhana? Kannauj.
46. Which Chinese pilgrim had visited to the court of Harshvardhana? Hiuen-Tsang
47. The two important books written by Banabhata were Harshcharita and Kadambari.
48. Harshvardhana was defeated by ______ of the Chalukya dynasty. Pulshekin II

Satavahana dynasty also known as Andhra Empire was founded by

50. What is Tolkkapiyam? oldest book on the grammar of the Tamil language and the earliest extant work of Tamil literature
51. Who established the Chalukya dynasty? Pulakesi I
52. The temple town of the Chalukya Period was Aihole, in modern Karnataka state
53. The Pallava dynasty was founded by Simhavishnu
54. The capital of Pallavas was at Kanchipuram
55. The shore temple of Mahabalipuram and the Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram were constructed by which Pallava Ruler? Narasimha Varman I
56. The last ruler of Pallava dynasty was Aparajitha Varman

The Rashtrakuta Dynasty was founded by

58. Which Rashtrakuta Ruler had written the earliest Kannada book – ‘Kavirajamarga’ on rhetoric, poetics and grammar? Amoghavarsha I
59. Kailasanath Temple also spelt Kailash Temple or Kailasa Temple at Ellora was built by Rashtrakuta king, Krishna I.
60. The Chola dynasty was founded by Vijayalaya
61. The early capital of Chola dynasty was at Poompuhar, Uraiyur
The famous Siva temple, Brihadeeswarar Temple, also known as Rajarajeswaram  was constructed by which Chola Ruler?
Raja Raja I

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