History of Modern India: Questions – Part A

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History of Modern India: Objective Questions – Part A

Sr. No. Questions Answers
1 Which European country started trade with India first? Portugal
2 The Portuguese reached the city of Calicut on the Malabar Coast of India on ______. May 18, 1498
3 Who was the first Portuguese governor in India and viceroy of the Portuguese State of India? Francisco de Almeida
4 Who was the second governor of Portuguese India? Alfonso de Albuquerque
5 Alfonso de Albuquerque cap­tured Goa from Bijapur in ______. 1510
6 When Vasco-da-Gama’s arrived at Calicut in 1498 he was greeted by which local ruler? The Hindu ruler of Calicut , Zamorin
7 Vasco da Gama, the Portuguese navigator who discovered the sea route to India, died on ______ at ______. Dec. 24, 1524, Cochin, India
8 The East India Company was founded in ______. 1600
9 The Dutch East India Company was founded in ______. 1602
10 The primary aim of The East India Company was to ______. To capture the spice trade by breaking the Portuguese monopoly in Asia
11 The first ambassador of the East India Company, who came to India and stayed in Jahangir’s court from 1609 to 1611 was ______. Captain Hawkins
12 Sir Thomas Roe, another British ambassador, reached Jahangir’s court in  ______. 1615
13 In 1662, King Charles II of England got the port cities of Tangier and Bombay from Portugal as dowry for marrying a Portuguese princess. What was her name? Catherine of Braganza
14 The East India Company, established their first factory at what today is known as Madras in the year ______. 1639
15 In 1619 Jahangir granted permission to East India Company to trade in his territories at ______. Surat (in Gujarat) & Hughli (in West Bengal)
16 The French East India Company was founded in ______. 1664
17 The prime objective of the formation of French East India was ______. To compete with the British and Dutch East India companies in colonial India.
18 Who succeeded Aurangzeb in 1707 after his death? Bahadur Shah I or Shah Alam
19 Who were popularly known as ‘Sayyed brothers of the Mughal Empire? Abdullah Khan and Hussain Ali Khan
20 By whom was the state of Hyderabad founded under the Mughals? Chin Kilich Khan
21 Who invaded India during the period of A.D. 1738–1739? He was the ruler of which country? Nadir Shah, Iran
22 The single most important power which came into view after the decline of Mughal dynasty was ______. The Marathas
23 Who was referred as Peshwa during the Maratha rule in India? Chief Minister
24 In Maratha Confederacy during the region of Shahu, name the Peshwa who held power between 1720 – 1740. Baji Rao I
25 In the context of the Marathas what did the terms Chauth and Sardeshmukhi mean? Tributes collected by the Marathas
26 The important Portuguese trade centres in the Western coast of India were ______. Goa, Bassin, Daman
27 Name the various ruling dynasties of the Marathas alliances. Bhonsles, Gaikwards, Holkars, Sindhias etc.
28 In which region the Bhonsles of Maratha dynasty rule? Nagpur
29 The widowed daughter-in-law of the Holkar ruler Malhar Rao was ______. Ahalya Bai
30 During Maratha rule who consolidated the power of the Holkars which resulted great prosperity of Maratha. Ahalya Bai
31 Under whose support the dance form- kathak evolved in the region of Lucknow? Nawabs of Awadh
32 The battle of Plassey was fought in ______. 1757
33 In battle of Plassey, which independent nawab of Bengal was defeated and killed by British forces? Sirajuddaulah
34 Who was the sultan of Mysore who faced the challenge of the British East India company? Tipu Sultan
35 The major colonial port cities, which replaced earlier commercial centres. Colonial cities like Bombay, Madras, Calcutta
36 The major social and widespread evils in 18th Century India were ______. Child marriage, Dowry, Polygamy, Sati etc.
37 What were the mediums of higher education till 18th Century? Sanskrit and Persian
38 Karnatak tradition of Indian classical music developed in the region of ______. Thanjavur
39 The original compositions of what is today known as the Karnatak tradition of Indian classical music came to be written by  ______. Tyagaraja, Muttuswami Diksitar and Syma Sastri.
40 In the Battle of Plassey, in 1757 who was defeated by the East India Company? Siraj-ud-Daula, the Nawab of Bengal
41 In 1761 the third battle of Panipat was fought between ______. Ahmad Shah Abdali and Marathas
42 The diwani of Bengal was transferred to theEast India Company in the year ______. 1765
43 In 1857 the Last Mughal ruler, Bahadur Shah II, was deposed by the British and sent away to ______. Rangoon, (present day Yangon, Myanmar)
44 In 1760 which battle resulted the end of French power in India? Battle of Wandiwash
45 Who were defeated in Battle of Buxar by the English in 1764? The joint army of Nawab Mir Quasim, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula and Shah Alam II
46 As a result of the Regulating Act (1773) who became the first Governor General of Bengal? Warren Hastings
47 Which Governor Generals of India is known as the father of Indian Civil Services Lord Cornwallis
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48 Who introduced the system of the Permanent Settlement, also called the Permanent Settlement in Bengal for effective agricultural methods and productivity. Lord Cornwallis
49 Who adopted the policy of Subsidiary Alliance and established the Fort William College at Calcutta. Lord Wellesley
50 The social evil ‘Sati’ was prohibited in the year ______ by ______. 1829, Lord William Bentinck

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